The horses origin - where horses originated &
evolved into what we know them as today, horses evoloution
The modern form of horse evolved from small dog
like animals that first appeared 60 million years ago.
Over time wild ancestors of the modern horse
evolved for millions of years in north America. They then spread to other
parts of the world by travelling southwards to south America by crossing
land bridges that connected north America to Europe and Asia during the ice
Horses vanished from both north and south
America in a wave of extinction that occurred at the end of the Pleistocene
epoch, about 15,000 years ago.
Horses nearly became extinct in the rest of
the world as well, by about 7000 years ago the worlds only horses were
confined to a small area in the still open grasslands steppes of Ukraine and
They were not seen in the Americas again until
1494, when Italian explorer Christopher Columbus transported them on ships
from Spain on his second voyage to the new world.
Przewalski's horse , which is believed to be
the only truly wild horse to survive to modern times, probably became
extinct in the wild in Mongolia in the 1960's.
About 1100 Przewalski's horses survive today
in captivity in Zoos and Wildlife parks.
All thoroughbreds are descendants of three
Arabian stallions that were brought to England in the late 1600s and early
1700s and bred with native European mares.
Quarter horses were developed in America from
crosses between thoroughbreds and descendents of Spanish horses.